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In this video, i show you detailed step by step guide to preparation of potting mix for sowing Drumsticks tree seeds or better known as Moringa Oleifera, sometimes as the Indian Drumsticks tree, a well known protein rich superfood, 100% vegetarian. It is also known as Sahajan or Sahajney or Sojney in indigenous indian laguages in different parts of India. The leaves are turned into stir fry, sometimes dried and had as powder, sometimes the flowers also made into stir fries. It also finds its use of its pods or the moringa beans in different soups, [indian sambhar served with idli or dosa is well known], sometimes in plain curries with diced potatoes, and sometimes on it’s own as a stir fry when the pods are young and can be eaten without excessive fibrous or fiber content. Easy to grow, i have already grown a few saplings, and now am showing u guys in English how i usually would sow this particular seed. I also show u guys seed sorting, selecting proper seeds out of a handful, and guide to step by step how to get a healthy sapling out of fresh seeds. Do Like, Share the video and also Subscribe to this channel. 🙂
Know more about Moringa Oleifera [Source: Wikipedia.org ]
“Drumstick tree” and variants thereof redirect here. This name is also used for Cassia fistula, the golden rain tree.
Moringa oleifera is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree of the family Moringaceae, native to the Indian subcontinent. Common names include moringa, drumstick tree (from the long, slender, triangular seed-pods), horseradish tree (from the taste of the roots, which resembles horseradish), and ben oil tree or benzolive tree (from the oil which is derived from the seeds). Native to India, it is also known as सहजन (Sehjan) in Hindi and Moringai in Tamil.
It is widely cultivated for its young seed pods and leaves, used as vegetables and for traditional herbal medicine. It is also used for water purification. Although listed as an invasive species in several countries, M. oleifera has “not been observed invading intact habitats or displacing native flora”, so “should be regarded at present as a widely cultivated species with low invasive potential.” [2
French botanist François Alexandre Pierre de Garsault described the species as Balanus myrepsica, but his names are not accepted as valid, as he did not always give his descriptions binomial names.
French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck described the species in 1785. Moringa derives from a Tamil word, murungai, meaning “twisted pod”, alluding to the young fruit. The species name is derived from the Latin words oleum “oil” and ferre “to bear”. A combined analysis of morphology and DNA shows that M. oleifera is most closely related to M. concanensis, and the common ancestor of these two diverged from the lineage of M. peregrina. M. oleifera can be cultivated for its leaves, pods, and/or its kernels for oil extraction and water purification. The yields vary widely, depending on season, variety, fertilization, and irrigation regimen. Moringa yields best under warm, dry conditions with some supplemental fertilizer and irrigation. Harvest is done manually with knives, sickles, and stabs with hooks attached. Pollarding, coppicing, and lopping or pruning are recommended to promote branching, increase production, and facilitate harvesting.
When the plant is grown from cuttings, the first harvest can take place 6–8 months after planting. Often, the fruits are not produced in the first year, and the yield is generally low during the first few years. By year two, it produces around 300 pods, by year three around 400–500. A good tree can yield 1000 or more pods. In India, a hectare can produce 31 tons of pods per year. Under North Indian conditions, the fruits ripen during the summer. Sometimes, particularly in South India, flowers and fruit appear twice a year, so two harvests occur, in July to September and March to April.
Average yields of 6 tons/ha/year in fresh matter can be achieved. The harvest differs strongly between the rainy and dry seasons, with 1120 kg/ha per harvest and 690 kg/ha per harvest, respectively.
The cultivation of M. oleifera can also be done intensively with irrigation and fertilization with suitable varieties. Trials in Nicaragua with 1 million plants per hectare and 9 cuttings/year over 4 years gave an average fresh matter production of 580 metric tons/ha/year, equivalent to about 174 metric tons of fresh leaves. Oil
One estimate for yield of oil from kernels is 250 l/ha. The oil can be used as a food supplement, as a base for cosmetics, and for hair and the skin.
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